World Powers Stepping Up Pressure On Iran To End Crackdown

Western officials have met with Iranian activists abroad as the United Nations may step up pressure on Tehran to crack down on protests harshly.

The first senior Western official to meet with an Iranian activist was US Vice President Kamala Harris who, during her meeting with Iranian-born actress and activist Nazanin Boniadi on October 14, stressed that the Biden-Harris administration would continue to support Iranian women and citizens. .

Two weeks later, on October 29, Canadian Prime Minister Justine Trudeau became the first world leader to join Iranians at a protest in Ottawa. Trudeau hinted at the possibility of regime change in Iran in his exchange of words with Iranian activists, including Hamed Esmaeilion, who launched global rallies against the Islamic Republic soon after the protests began.

French President Emmanuel Macron also met on Friday with a delegation of expatriate activists and rights defenders, including Masih Alinejad, Shima Babaei and Ladan Boroumand. Macron was the first Western leader to call Iran’s protest movement a “revolution.”

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz also says a video posted to Twitter on Saturday that he favors a new round of European Union sanctions against Iran next week to intensify pressure on the Revolutionary Guards (IRGC) and political leaders.

Majid Golpour, a Paris-based international affairs expert, told Iran International TV on Friday that the European Union will completely revise its general policies on Iran “in form and content” within the next ten days and that member states issue official statements outlining the new measures they will adopt. adopt vis-à-vis the Islamic Republic in the light of developments over the past two months.

Justin Trudeau attends an Iranian rally in Canada on October 29, 2022

These measures, Golpour added, could include the closure of EU embassies in Tehran and the establishment of secure channels for contacts of European parliamentarians with “Iranian civil society” and its activists, while no longer neglecting violations by Iran from the 2015 nuclear deal, such as increasing uranium enrichment and stockpiling to ensure the deal could be reinstated.

The four world powers have submitted a draft resolution to the board of directors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) which calls on Iran to urgently explain the traces of uranium found at three unidentified sites. declared, Reuters reported on Friday. Iran has agreed to hold a meeting with IAEA officials in Tehran after next week’s IAEA board meeting to resolve outstanding issues.

Iran’s deputy judiciary chief, Kazem Gharibabadi, told reporters in New York on Saturday that he planned to attend meetings of the UN General Assembly’s Third Committee to prevent the “circulation of hostile and false narratives by the West and the United States on recent developments in Iran”. .”

Calling the recent demonstrations “riots”, he claimed that the imprisonment of thousands of protesters, as rights groups have reportedis false and that foreign enemies were seeking to pressure Iran for their own political gain.

Germany and Iceland have called for an urgent meeting of the UN Human Rights Council on the situation in Iran.

UN experts, including Javaid Rehman, special rapporteur on the human rights situation in Iran on Friday, urged Tehran to stop indicting people with charges carrying the death penalty for participating in peaceful protests.

“The experts also called for the immediate release of all those arrested for peacefully protesting arbitrarily for “exercising their legitimate rights to freedom of opinion and expression, association and peaceful assembly and for their actions aimed at promoting and protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms by peaceful means”.

On November 6, 227 members of the Iranian Parliament called on the judiciary to act decisively against those arrested during the protests, even using the death penalty.

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